President of the U.S., 1981-1989; Republican Governor (CA)
Maimonides said handouts are lowest form of helping needy
As Reagan himself later put it, "People were tired of wasteful government programs and welfare chisellers; and they were angry about the constant spiral of taxes and government regulations, arrogant bureaucrats, and public officials who thought
all of mankind's problems could be solved by throwing the taxpayers' dollars at them."
"We see today a second generation, and even a third generation of citizens, growing up, marrying, having children, accepting public welfare for three generations as a way of life.
The 11th century Hebrew physician and philosopher, Maimonides, said there are eight steps in helping the needy. The lowest of these is the handout; the highest is to teach them to help themselves."
Pitfalls of rationing scarcity rather than creating plenty
In 1980, the Republican standard-bearer declared it was "time to check & reverse the growth of government." He argued without qualification that "lower tax rates mean greater freedom, and whenever we lower the tax rates, our entire nation is better off."
He spoke of the pitfalls inherent in "rationing scarcity rather than creating plenty," of "entrepreneurs as forgotten heroes," & of the truth that "free enterprise has done more to reduce poverty than all the government programs dreamed up by Democrats."
In 1980, that Republican leader won 91 percent of the Electoral College. In 1984, when it was "morning again in America," he won 58 percent of the popular vote and almost all of the electoral college, carrying 49 states. And in 1989, when he retired
from public life, he had led not only an administration, but a revolution--the Reagan Revolution.
There will never be another Reagan Revolution, because there will never be another Ronald Reagan. But there can again be Morning in America.
[In 1964], the terms of engagement were being set for a longer battle. Conservatives often say it began when a Hollywood actor, who was co-chairman of Californians for Barry Goldwater, made a nationally televised last-ditch appeal for the
GOP presidential nominee: "They use terms like the 'Great Society,' or as we were told a few days ago by the president, we must accept a greater government activity in the affairs of the people," Ronald Reagan said. "A government can't control the
economy without controlling people. And they know when a government sets out to do that, it must use force and coercion to achieve its purpose."
Goldwater's campaign was astonished when its switchboard lit up with calls pledging money, Reagan later
wrote. "The speech raised $8 million and soon changed my entire life." In the 1970s, the conservative movement took over the Republican Party; Reagan was elected president in 1980--in part, on his promise to dismantle much of the Great Society.
For those without skills, we'll help get them skills
Unlike Romney, Reagan connected with the daily struggles of ordinary Americans. Reagan did not dismiss 47% of the country as a bunch of moochers. Quite the opposite: At the Republican convention in Detroit he appealed to those who wanted nothing more
than to get off government assistance and find work. He promised that "for those without job opportunities, we'll stimulate new opportunities, particularly in the inner cities where they live.
For those who have abandoned hopes, we'll restore hope and we'll welcome them into a great national crusade to make America great again.
"We have to move ahead," Reagan said, "but we're not going to leave anyone behind." THAT is the Reagan message Romney should have emulated.
Switch from project-based to tenant-based subsidy program
In 1983 Congress finally agreed with the Reagan administration that the Section 8 program was too costly. The Housing and
Urban-Rural Recovery Act of 1983 repealed the authorization for Section 8--for example, new construction and substantial rehabilitation--but left other moderate rehabilitation and elderly projects (Section 202).
Most importantly, conservatives switched from project-based assistance under Section 8 to housing vouchers and certificates, or a tenant-based subsidy program.
The tenants could choose their own apartment with a voucher or certificate--they finally had a choice!
But there were millions of Americans for whom it was not “morning again in America.” Reagan recognized this, though he rarely made the concession. He was an apostle of the marketplace whose premise had always been that the U.S. economic pie should be
enlarged, not that everyone should receive an equal slice.
Despite the sea of happy children’s faces that graced the “feel-good” commercials, poverty exploded in the inner cities of America during the Reagan years, claiming children as its principal
victims. The reason for this suffering was that programs targeted to low-income families, such as AFDC, were cut back far more than programs such as Social Security. As a result of cuts in such targeted programs-including school lunches and subsidized
housing-federal benefit programs for households with incomes of less than $10,000 a year declined nearly 8% during the Reagan first term while federal aid for households with more than $40,000 income was almost unchanged.
Governor Reagan opposed Nixon’s proposal for reforming welfare. Reagan resisted efforts to pressure California into increasing cost-of-living payments to welfare recipients. In 1971, Reagan worked out a compromise. He brought California into compliance
with federal regulations, and Nixon promised not to stand in the way of a pilot program requiring able-bodied welfare recipients to work as a condition of receiving aid. The program had mixed success but established Reagan as the champion of “workfare.”
Source: The Role of a Lifetime, by Lou Cannon, p. 74-75
, Jul 2, 1991
Many homeless choose to be; ACLU fosters homelessness
I asked, “What about the homeless? Do you think you could have done anything for them?”
Reagan said, “Well, it’s been so exaggerated. Millions, there aren’t millions. Real research reveals probably 300,000 or less, nationwide.
And a lot of those are the type of people that have made that choice.
For example, more than 40% of them are retarded, mentally deficient people, that is the result of the ACLU. Look at the girl in NY who went to court after Koch had ordered her to get off the street and be put in a shelter.
She went to court and actually fought, under her Constitutional rights, to go on living in that cardboard box on the street.“
Development zones to reverse decline of our cities
Q: The decline of our cities has been hastened by the continual rise in crime, strained race relations, the persistence of abnormal poverty in a rich nation. What would you do to reverse this trend?
REAGAN: In the inner-city areas, that in cooperation
with local government and with National Government, and using tax incentives and with cooperation with the private sector, that we have development zones. Let the local entity, the city, declare this particular area, based on the standards of the
percentage of people on welfare, unemployed, and so forth, in that area. And then, through tax incentives, induce the creation of businesses providing jobs and so forth in those areas. Through these tax incentives, a business that would not have, for a
period of time, an increase in the property tax reflecting its development of the unused property that it was making wouldn't be any loss to the city, because the city isn't getting any tax from that now.
As CA Governor, opposed AFDC as rewarding lack of work
[As Governor, Reagan addressed] California’s exploding welfare system. “Here in California,” he warned, “nearly a million children are growing up in the stultifying atmosphere of programs that reward people for not working, programs that separate
families and doom these children to repeat the cycle in their own adulthood.”
Reagan had especial contempt for government touts whose job performance was appraised by the length of their welfare client lists. “They go out and actually recruit people to
be on welfare,“ he complained. His prejudice against AFDC was practical as well as moral. He believed it discriminated against the destitute-by encouraging the shiftless to promiscuity.
The California Welfare Reform Act became law in August 1971.
Reagan called it ”probably the most comprehensive“ such initiative in American history. It had an inspirational effect on welfare policy across America, but Reagan would have to wait until 1996 before his basic dream, the repeal of AFDC, became a reality