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Background on Drugs


War on Drugs
President Bush Senior initiated the �War on Drugs� in the late 1980s. The Office of National Drug Control Policy, directed by Drug Czar Gil Kerlikowske , sets federal policy.

Reducing the Demand
Methods of reducing drug demand include: random drug testing; increased incarceration of users; and drug education. Since 1986, the courts have upheld random drug testing for federal employees; high school students; job applicants; transportation employees; motorists; and others. The current stated federal goal is a �Drug-Free Workplace.�

Reducing the Supply
Methods of reducing drug supply include: increased border patrols; increased enforcement against drug traffickers at home; and pressuring Latin American countries to do the same abroad. Federal �counterdrug interdiction� currently focuses on five �High Intensity Drug Trafficking Areas�: Los Angeles, New York City, Miami, Houston, and the Southwest border with Mexico.

Reducing the Effects
Methods of reducing drugs� effects on society include: legalization; drug abuse treatment; and needle exchange programs. At congressional hearings on �The Pros and Cons of Drug Legalization, Decriminalization, and Harm Reduction� in June 1999, the federal government reiterated its opposition to legalization, medical marijuana, and needle exchanges, and emphasized that the War on Drugs is an unending effort.

Drug War Buzzwords

Amendment XVIII and XXI to the US Constitution
18) ...the manufacture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors... is hereby prohibited. (1919)
21) The eighteenth article of amendment to the Constitution of the United States is hereby repealed.... (1933)

Background documents

Click here for Amazon books on Drugs
Pro Drug War
Drug War textbook
Racism in Drug War
Anti Prohibition
Medical Marijuana
Other candidates on Drugs: Background on other issues:
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